quarta-feira, 19 de julho de 2023

[Oracle RAC & VMWare] Creating disks in VMWare for Oracle RAC environments.

Hello all

How are you doing?

Some time ago, I helped my teammates Patricia Flores Solano (LinkedIn) and Thiago Ferreira (LinkedIn) create a document about a POC with VMWare and Oracle RAC that they were doing for a project.

The Oracle RAC installation follows the same steps as a Bare Metal environment, but we documented the process of creating the VMWare disks, which has some tricks and tips that can help to get better performance.

But always remember:
  1. This step-by-step worked for us, but it might not work for you.
  2. This post is designed to help you. Never change any productive or test environment without first testing and making sure the solution is suitable for your environment. 
  3. I'm not responsible for that, ok?
Hope it helps. Let's get started!

1) We need to add on the sysctl.conf file.
       vm.swappiness = 1
       vm.dirty_background_ratio = 3
       vm.dirty_ratio = 80
       vm.dirty_expire_centisecs = 500 
       vm.dirty_writeback_centisecs = 100

2) Preparing Vmware Storage for Oracle RAC. 

For this, we will Shutdown the guest VM, edit VM, VM Option, Advanced , Edit configuration and Add new configuration params.

We'll change guest disk with enable.UUID=true.



3) Add PVSCSI

The "
VMware Paravirtual SCSI adapter" is a high-performance storage controller which provides greater throughput and lower CPU use. VMware Paravirtual SCSI controllers are best suited for environments running I/O-intensive applications.

You can see more information about this here.
4) Add Disk for CRS Oracle RAC


5) Add Disk for DATA Oracle RAC in vCenter (VMs  >  linux01 > Click > Edit Settings)


6) ADD NEW DEVICE > Hard Disk

7) Deploy New Hard disk* and Edit
Location: HCI_Shared_Data
New Hard disk: 1700 GB
Disk Provisioning: Thick Provision Eager Zeroed
Sharing: Multi-writer
Disk Mode: Independent - Persistent
Virtual Device Node: SCSI controller 1



8) Now, I'll change the VM Linux 2 (VMs  >  linux02 > Click > Edit Settings)



9) ADD NEW DEVICE > Existing Hard Disk


10) Now, we'll check the disk.


[root@linux01 ~]# lsblk

NAME        MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT

sdy          65:128  0  1.7T  0 disk

sdf           8:80   0  100G  0 disk

└─sdf1        8:81   0  100G  0 part

sdo           8:224  0  1.7T  0 disk

sdw          65:96   0  1.7T  0 disk

sdd           8:48   0  100G  0 disk

└─sdd1        8:49   0  100G  0 part

sdm           8:192  0  1.7T  0 disk

sdu          65:64   0  1.7T  0 disk

sdb           8:16   0  220G  0 disk

└─sdb1        8:17   0  220G  0 part /u01

sdk           8:160  0  1.7T  0 disk

sds          65:32   0  1.7T  0 disk

sdi           8:128  0  1.7T  0 disk

sdq          65:0    0  1.7T  0 disk

sr0          11:0    1 1024M  0 rom

sdg           8:96   0  100G  0 disk

└─sdg1        8:97   0  100G  0 part

sdx          65:112  0  1.7T  0 disk

sde           8:64   0  100G  0 disk

└─sde1        8:65   0  100G  0 part

sdn           8:208  0  1.7T  0 disk

sdv          65:80   0  1.7T  0 disk

sdc           8:32   0  100G  0 disk

└─sdc1        8:33   0  100G  0 part

sdl           8:176  0  1.7T  0 disk

sdt          65:48   0  1.7T  0 disk

sda           8:0    0  110G  0 disk

─sda2        8:2    0  109G  0 part

─ol-swap 252:1    0    4G  0 lvm  [SWAP]

─ol-home 252:2    0   55G  0 lvm  /home

│ └─ol-root 252:0    0   50G  0 lvm  /

└─sda1        8:1    0    1G  0 part /boot

sdj           8:144  0  1.7T  0 disk

sdr          65:16   0  1.7T  0 disk

sdh           8:112  0  1.7T  0 disk

└─sdh1        8:113  0  1.7T  0 part

sdp           8:240  0  1.7T  0 disk


You can create as many VMDKs as needed for DATA, FRA and RECO.

After that, just proceed with the installation as usual. 

That's it, guys!!! It's very easy, isn't it?

We hope that helps!


Regards
Mario

segunda-feira, 10 de julho de 2023

[Oracle Autonomous JSON] How to configure and using the Oracle API for MongoDB on Oracle Autonomous JSON Database - Part 2

 Hello everyone

In my last post, I presented how you can configure the Oracle Autonomous JSON Database to use the API for MongoDB.

And today, we're going to use the API to connect into MongoDB shell, create a simple collection and use those documents in the ADJ console.

If you want to see the first post, feel free to click here

But always remember:

  1. This step-by-step worked for me, but it may not work for you.
  2. It's a basic and limited environment. The real life will be different, for sure.
  3. This post is for study and testing as well, and has no concern for performance and security best practices.

I have a MongoDB Intance in OCI Compute and I'm going to connect MongoSH in my ADJ using the connection string that I created in the first post. My user is named ADMIN:

mongosh -u admin -p XXXZZZ 'mongodb://XXZZZ-IRONMAN.adb.sa-saopaulo-1.oraclecloudapps.com:27017/admin?authMechanism=PLAIN&authSource=$external&ssl=true&retryWrites=false&loadBalanced=true'

I'll create a new collection and a new document using MongoSH. After that I'll create a new document using ADJ console and at the end I'll select this data in the console and MongoSH as well.

This example was adapted from the post "SQL NESTED Clause Instead of JSON_TABLE in Oracle Database 19c" from amazing ORACLE-BASE

So, let's get started!!!

1) I'll connect in MongoSH using my connection string:


2) Now, I'll access the ADJ console. Click on the "Database Actions" button and select the option "JSON".

  


3) First, I'll create a new decument in the MongoSH shell.



4) The second document will be created in the ADJ console. For this, click in "New" button in the ADJ console.


Click on the "Create" button and he massage bellow should appear.


And now, I have 2 documents in my collection.


And for read operations, I have two options:

1)  Click on the "Database Actions" button and select the option "SQL".


2) I'll create my SQL queries with the same SQL statements used in relational databases.


Using NESTED and WHERE, for example.


3) Finally, I may read my documents usinf MongoDB statements, for shure!!!


It's really cool, right!!!

In the next post, I'll show you how enabling REST is easy in ADJ.

I hope this post will help you!!!

Regards
Mario

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